Home ECONOMY The Importance of Physical Protection Systems in Facilities and Utilization of Nuclear Materials

The Importance of Physical Protection Systems in Facilities and Utilization of Nuclear Materials

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The Importance of Physical Protection Systems in Facilities and Utilization of Nuclear Materials

Jakarta, Timerilis.com – Nuclear facilities and activities that use radioactive materials must implement a physical protection system. The aim is to protect these highly dangerous materials from the hands of irresponsible people.

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as an international agency in the nuclear field under the United Nations (UN), formed the International Physical Protection Advisory Service (IPPAS) which was followed by several countries in the world including Indonesia.

Researcher of the National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) Khairul said that the IAEA has three missions: Nuclear Technology and Application, Safeguard and Verification, and Safety and Security to support the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) or the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons Development.

This was conveyed by, who was invited as a speaker at the IPPAS Workshop organized by the IAEA on May 15-19, 2023 at the Rockview Hotel Abuja, Nigeria.

“The Non-Proliferation Treaty is followed by most sovereign states in the world, including 5 permanent members of the UN Security Council, namely the United States, China, Britain, France, and Russia. The NPT has three pillars, one of which is nuclear utilization for peaceful purposes, Atom for Peace,” said Khairul at the IPPAS Workshop organized by the IAEA in Nigeria, Wednesday (17/5/2023).

Khairul explained that in carrying out one of its missions, Safety and Security, the IAEA requires its member countries to comply with and implement safety and security systems protected by the Safety and security convention.

“The Division of Nuclear Security (DNS) of the IAEA evaluates the implementation of physical protection systems for nuclear facilities and nuclear materials in each nuclear facility and radioactive source owned by its member countries. This evaluation is carried out at the official request of the country through its nuclear power supervisory agency,” Khairul explained.

Indonesia, which operates three research reactors and several radioactive source facilities, is obliged to implement a physical protection system to protect highly dangerous materials from the hands of irresponsible people.

“BRIN’s obligation to implement a physical protection system in all nuclear and radiation source facilities is a regulatory demand stipulated in the Regulation of the Head of the Nuclear Energy Regulatory Agency (BAPETEN) number 1 of 2009 and number 6 of 2015,” he explained.

“Indonesia has received a team of IPPAS experts since 2001 and follow-up missions in 2007 and 2014. Some recommendations and suggestions provided by the IPPAS-IAEA expert team regarding the suitability of implementing a physical protection system at BRIN have been sought to be fulfilled by BRIN. BRIN is also required to implement a nuclear security culture at all facilities. This aims to protect nuclear material and radioactive source facilities from threats originating from within,” he added.

According to Khairul, BRIN, which already has a physical protection program and security culture, needs to maintain the sustainability of these programs (sustainability nuclear security regime).

“BRIN must be able to develop an organizational structure, nuclear security management, which is tasked and to continue the physical protection programs and security culture that have been made previously,” he said.

Khairul further emphasized that the security culture places the human factor as an asset that must be managed properly and continuously.

“Because of the success and failure of the nuclear program, one of which is the contribution of the human factor. Human resources, especially security personnel must receive adequate training through nuclear security training programs following the regulations of the nuclear power regulatory agency and the IAEA. In addition, management and senior managers also need to get awareness workshops to provide an understanding of the importance of implementing nuclear security,” he said.